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Title: Technologies for biomechanically-informed image guidance of laparoscopic liver surgery
Author: Johnsen, S. F.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8503 441X
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2016
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Laparoscopic surgery for liver resection has a number medical advantages over open surgery, but also comes with inherent technical challenges. The surgeon only has a very limited field of view through the imaging modalities routinely employed intra-operatively, laparoscopic video and ultrasound, and the pneumoperitoneum required to create the operating space and gaining access to the organ can significantly deform and displace the liver from its pre-operative configuration. This can make relating what is visible intra-operatively to the pre-operative plan and inferring the location of sub-surface anatomy a very challenging task. Image guidance systems can help overcome these challenges by updating the pre-operative plan to the situation in theatre and visualising it in relation to the position of surgical instruments. In this thesis, I present a series of contributions to a biomechanically-informed image-guidance system made during my PhD. The most recent one is work on a pipeline for the estimation of the post-insufflation configuration of the liver by means of an algorithm that uses a database of segmented training images of patient abdomens where the post-insufflation configuration of the liver is known. The pipeline comprises an algorithm for inter and intra-subject registration of liver meshes by means of non-rigid spectral point-correspondence finding. My other contributions are more fundamental and less application specific, and are all contained and made available to the public in the NiftySim open-source finite element modelling package. Two of my contributions to NiftySim are of particular interest with regards to image guidance of laparoscopic liver surgery: 1) a novel general purpose contact modelling algorithm that can be used to simulate contact interactions between, e.g., the liver and surrounding anatomy; 2) membrane and shell elements that can be used to, e.g., simulate the Glisson capsule that has been shown to significantly influence the organ's measured stiffness.
Supervisor: Ourselin, S. ; Hawkes, D. J. ; Taylor, Z. A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available