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Title: Algorithms and subsystems for next generation optical networks
Author: Paskov, M. P.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8502 5003
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis investigates algorithms and subsystems for digital coherent optical networks to alleviate system requirements and enable spectrally efficient systems. Spectral shaping of individual channel is investigated to mitigate backreflections in bi-directional Passive Optical Network (PON) enabling more than 1000 users operating at 10 Gbit/s. It is then shown that temporal delay skews, caused by misalignment in the coherent receiver, induce a large penalty for Nyquist filtered signals. An adaptive 4×4 equaliser is developed to compensate the imperfections dynamically. This is subsequently demonstrated experimentally with Polarisation Division Multiplexed (PDM) Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) and 16-level Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). Furthermore, a modified blind equaliser is designed to adaptively compensate for unknown amount of Chromatic Dispersion (CD). The equaliser is demonstrated experimentally using 10.7 GBd PDM-QPSK transmission over 5,200 km. To simplify the computational complexity of the equalisers a multiplier free update scheme is explored in simulations. Optical frequency combs are investigated as phase and frequency synchronised sub- carrier sources for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) systems. The effect of phase synchronisation between sub-channels of a superchannel is examined in simulations without showing performance deviation when no additional optical or digital processing is applied. Afterwards, the transmission performance of two generation techniques implementing 400 Gbit/s superchannels, utilising PDM-16QAM, is evaluated. Although, the average performance of the two combs is identical subchannel fluctuations are observed due to uneven spectral profile. Carrier Phase Estimation (CPE) is explored for both single channel and superchannels systems. An equaliser interleaved with CPE, is explored for PDM-64QAM with minor improvement. Alternatively, Digital Coherence Enhancement (DCE) allowed the detection of 6 GBd PDM-64QAM with a 1.4 MHz linewidth laser, an order of magnitude improvement in linewidth tolerance. Finally, a joint CPE across a comb superchannel is demonstrated with a factor of 5 tolerance improvement.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available