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Title: Parties, interest groups and political outcomes
Author: Motz, N. P.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8502 1758
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis is concerned with the role of parties and interest groups in politics. The reason for the presence of these organisations is seen in the limited information of voters. Two chapters explore the idea that the role of parties is to provide information about politicians to voters. It is asked whether this concept of parties can be used to explain systematic differences in the degree of political competition between national and regional elections, as well as across regions. To do so, a novel model of party formation is put forward. The second chapter about parties analyses in more detail how the choice of candidate for an election by the leadership of a party can reveal information about this candidate. It is shown that the act of nomination can change how voters perceive a candidate, while the nature of this change depends on how much competition the candidate will face in the subsequent election. A separate chapter looks at the role of interest groups. When voters are not fully informed political advertising becomes an important element of election campaigns. This, in turn, gives interest groups political clout, as they can provide the required campaign funding. The chapter entertains the possibility that interest groups can exploit competition between candidates and use threats of donations to achieve policy goals.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available