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Title: The implementation of children's rights as identified through the UNCRC (1989) in primary education in Saudi Arabia : principals', teachers', and children's perspectives
Author: Abahussain, Ghadah
ISNI:       0000 0004 8501 4523
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2019
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The purpose of this study is to explore the implementation of children's rights in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) from the perspectives of the educators (i.e., teachers and principals) and children regarding their awareness of these rights. This study also aims to investigate the barriers preventing the implementation of the UNCRC by assessing the educators' perspectives. To accomplish these aims, I used a mixed-methods approach by collecting data from principals, teachers, and children. I collected the data through interviews with principals, a questionnaire for teachers, and a focus group with teachers and children. I used sociocultural and ecological theories as a theoretical framework for my study. The study sample contained five principals, 36 children, 635 teachers who answered the questionnaire, and five teachers who participated in a focus group. The findings of the study revealed that educators were underinformed about the UNCRC, and significant have a lack of awareness about the UNCRC. However, they are aware of some of children's rights principles in general and their awareness of children's rights was mostly driven by Islamic culture. The findings also revealed that most children were aware of some aspects of their rights and have a lack of awareness about the UNCRC. The study also showed that authorities have made significant efforts to implement the UNCRC. The implementation has not succeeded, however, due to primary schools' many violations of the UNCRC. The violation of children's rights impacted four main rights: the right to spread knowledge about the UNCRC, the right to protection, the right to participate at school, and the right to education. Regarding the barriers preventing the implementation of the UNCRC in primary education in Saudi Arabia, the study showed that the following obstacles interfered: Saudi society, insufficient efforts by the authorities, shortages of qualified employees, and inadequate school buildings and equipment. This study provides some recommendations for future research and actions to tackle potential challenges. The recommendations seek to improve the future plans to implement the UNCRC, which should begin with social changes. The study findings reveal that there will be no quick and easy solutions, but there is a glimmer of hope to improve the situation of children's rights in primary education in Saudi Arabia, especially with the rapid changes that are currently happening in the country.
Supervisor: Wood, Elizabeth Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available