Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.789439
Title: Weak ergodicity breaking and quantum scars in constrained quantum systems
Author: Turner, Christopher Jack
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
The success of statistical mechanics in describing complex quantum systems rests upon typicality properties such as ergodicity. Both integrable systems and the recently discovered many-body localisation show that these assumptions can be strongly violated in either finely tuned cases, or in the presence of quenched disorder. In this thesis, we uncover a qualitatively different form of ergodicity breaking, wherein a small number of atypical eigenstates are embedded throughout an otherwise thermalising spectrum. We call this a many-body quantum scar, in analogy to quantum scars in single-particle quantum chaos, where quantum scarred eigenfunctions concentrate around associated periodic classical trajectories. We demonstrate that many-body quantum scars can be found in an unusual model recently realised in a 51 Rydberg atom quantum simulator. The observed coherent oscillations following in a certain quench experiment are a consequence of the quantum scar. At the same time, the level statistics rules out conventional explanations such as integrability and many-body localisation. We develop an approximate method to construct scarred eigenstates, in order to describe their structure and physical properties. Additionally, we find a local perturbation which makes these non-equilibrium properties much more pronounced, with near perfect quantum revivals. At the same time the other eigenstates remain thermal. Our results suggest that many-body quantum scars forms a new class of quantum dynamics with unusual properties, which are realisable in current experiments.
Supervisor: Papić, Zlatko Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.789439  DOI: Not available
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