Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.789288
Title: HUMINT, from the sea : a history of US naval human intelligence in Asia Pacific crises, 1931-1965
Author: Ellison, Brian J.
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
This research examines the historical record of US naval human source intelligence (HUMINT) during crises in the Asia Pacific, asking the questions: What role and impact did naval HUMINT play in East Asia over the course of four distinct crises? How was this institutionally enabled? Specifically, it addresses collection practices, resulting intelligence, institutional changes, and significant shifts in policy. The selection of cases covers periods in which Western naval forces were present in East Asia but not yet embroiled in full-scale war. The role that naval HUMINT played during the Sino-Japanese war of the 1930s, the Chinese Civil War (1945-1949), the Taiwan Crises (1954 and 1958), and Kennedy-Johnson containment policy in Indochina (1961-1964) was significant in its ability to inform decision-makers, but it was not without shortfalls. Ultimately, crisis periods-as opposed to war-enable the development of sources and the collection of HUMINT in ways that wartime cannot, namely for the fact that hostility is less and targets are more accessible. While each of the cases shows the uniqueness of HUMINT in crises, institutional shortcomings (e.g., parochialism), strategic mismanagement, and degrees of access to sources periodically hide its value.
Supervisor: Dylan, Huw ; Goodman, Michael Simon Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.789288  DOI: Not available
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