Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Mediating for peace : a study on the decision-making of the UN's mediation efforts in Syria under Kofi Annan, Lakhdar Brahimi, and Staffan de Mistura
Author: Nassar, Fadi Nicholas
ISNI:       0000 0004 8500 1140
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Restricted access.
Access from Institution:
As the conflict in Syria intensifies so do concerns over how to successfully mediate a transformative peace process. The United Nations (UN), along with the Arab League, selected three notable diplomats-Kofi Annan, Lakhdar Brahimi, and Staffan de Mistura-to broker such a deal. Accordingly, this thesis aims to analyze how the individuality of the mediator along with the context they operated in affected the respective mediation process in Syria. The changing of the identity of the UN mediator in the conflict in Syria allows for a study of how the individual styles, reputations, expertise, and other personal characteristics of each mediator affect their behavior and that of the UN mediation efforts they manage. Quite simply, it explores the surprisingly opaque matter that is the actual input of each mediator on the peace-making process. At the heart of this thesis is a simple, yet still unaddressed question-what do UN mediators actually do in conflicts like the one in Syria? In turn, the ultimate objective of this dissertation is to unpack the decision-making process of UN mediating operations and explain the impact the particular envoy has on the process of mediation. To do so, this thesis will not treat the UN mediator as a unitary rational actor but instead, using the tools of foreign policy analysis, apply a first level of analysis of each envoy. Specifically, the methodology will incorporate process tracing and extensive interviews with UN mediators, relevant mediation personnel, and other parties involved in the mediation process. While this dissertation focuses on the mediation process in Syria, its applications also resonate elsewhere. For academic interest outside Syria, it does so by critically engaging with the UN's internal structure and its influence on the international organization's approach to mediation. Outside the framework of the UN, it also contributes to the theoretical study of the role decision-makers have in conflict settings and within institutions in general. For invested practitioners, this scholarly work also provides much needed explanations on the dynamics that drove key decisions throughout the mediation process in Syria and can serve to offer new ways to examine what it is UN mediators do or choose not to in their respective roles. Most importantly, as Syria remains one of the worst unresolved conflicts of our time, this dissertation clarifies what the three mediators entrusted to mediate for peace, have actually done.
Supervisor: Leenders, Reinoud ; Frost, Mervyn Lowne Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available