Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.789079
Title: Effects of stigma on evaluations of transgressive leaders and group members
Author: Kapantai, Ioanna
ISNI:       0000 0004 8499 7601
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
The underrepresentation of stigmatised persons in positions of leadership is evident across contexts. Those who manage to make it to the top of the hierarchy often face further discrimination with earnings lower than their non-stigmatised colleagues (e.g. Noonan et al., 2004). This seems to be especially true for women with disabilities (Majiet & Africa, 2015). Research on the role of stigma in evaluations of leaders is scarce. Instead, literature to date focuses either on evaluations of leaders in general or evaluations of stigmatised groups (e.g., Phelan, Link & Dovidio, 2008; Schwazer & Weiner, 1991; Weiner, 2010). At the same time, research examines the role of attributions in evaluations of stigmatised targets but fails to consider the target's role (leader vs member) (e.g., Armesto & Weisman, 2001; Sahar, 2014). This thesis attempted to address this gap in the literature in a series of six experimental studies. Studies 1-3 explored the effect of controllability attributions for stigma on the evaluations of transgressive leaders and members. Study 4 extended earlier findings by looking at the role of valence on evaluations. Studies 5-6 additionally emphasised the role of gender in the evaluation of stigmatised leaders and members. Overall, our findings showed that controllability attributions for stigma affected participants' judgments. Specifically, those who could not be held accountable for their stigma were judged entirely outside of that stigma (judgments similar to those with no stigma). On the contrary, when participants could attribute responsibility for the stigma to the individual, evaluations of the target diminished. Further, our examinations of archival data allowed us to examine the real-life distribution of stigmatised persons in leadership. Our findings showed that stigmatised persons and especially women, were highly underrepresented at the top of the hierarchy. These finding have significant theoretical and practical implications and attest to the need for government agencies and organisations to ensure the implementation of measures that allow all stigmatised persons equal opportunities for leadership.
Supervisor: Abrams, Dominic ; Travaglino, Giovanni Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.789079  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology
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