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Title: High-fidelity quantum logic on trapped ions with microwave radiation
Author: Lawrence, Adam
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis describes the development of technology and experimental techniques for scalable trapped-ion quantum computing. An architecture for scalable quantum computing is presented in which 171Yb+ ions are trapped in linear R.F. Paul traps and their hyper-fine states are used to form qubits. Quantum logical operations can be carried out by applying R.F. and microwave fields. This thesis presents significant improvements in the experimental setup used for quantum computing, as well as new theoretical developments and experimental demonstrations of new high- fidelity quantum control methods. A new procedure for carrying out high- delity two qubit gates using static magnetic eld gradients and resonant microwave elds is presented. It is shown that this has the potential to enable signi cantly improved delities compared to current methods. Improved methods for measurement and statistical analysis in trapped-ion experiments are also shown. These should enable more accurate measurement of two-qubit gate delities, which becomes increasingly important as delities increase. A new system for generating arbitrary R.F. and microwave waveforms is presented, including a bespoke software control system allowing the user to de ne custom pulse sequences, which represents a signi cant improvement in the scalability of the quantum control system. Experimental developments towards a system for carrying out on-chip trapped-ion quantum logic in a static magnetic eld gradient are also presented. A new technique for generating multi-level control methods is introduced, based on reducing a multi-level system to an e ective two-level system. High- delity quantum control methods generated using this technique, which form a will form a key part of the scalable quantum computing architecture, are implemented experimentally.
Supervisor: Hensinger, Winfried ; Mintert, Florian Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral