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Title: The impact of the World Bank on legal and institutional change in the developing countries
Author: Aoued, Ahmed
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1992
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When the World Bank lends to a developing country, it lends in the form of concessional loans, to which are attached conditions, not just conditions of repayment, but also conditions that the recipient government must fulfill by changing some of its previously chosen policies. This Thesis argues that, quite often, the implementation of such conditions has major repercussions on the legal and institutional arrangements of the borrowing country. The core of the argument is that, by making loans, the World Bank adopts a certain doctrinaire development approach, that it is insensitive to the individual situation of borrowing countries, and that the conditions imposed are ideologically biased in favour of the free market, and that it overrides national sovereignty and perpetuates dependency. The Thesis then describes in depth the various types of conditions leading to substantial reforms in the developing countries. It goes on to consider the effect of such reforms on the legal, economic, political and social structures of the borrowing members. Overall, the thesis advocates that for the Bank's objectives in the field of development to be fully achieved, it is the institution which has to change its policy, and not the borrowers.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral