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Title: Engineering quantum states of fermionic many-body systems
Author: Coulthard, Jonathan
ISNI:       0000 0004 7971 6182
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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Controlling and stabilising collective phases of many-body quantum systems is a problem of deep fundamental and technological interest. In this thesis, we perform a theoretical investigation on how useful quantum phases may be engineered in strongly correlated fermionic lattice systems, especially through periodic driving. We first compute the phase diagram of the one-dimensional t-J model with the addition of non-standard pair hopping terms. We show that at dilute fillings these terms enhance superconductivity while, counter- intuitively, suppressing it at large fillings. We argue that this is due to dynamical constraints originating from the fact that local pairs cannot overlap. We conjecture that these constraints may play a more significant role in the physics of two-dimensional systems where the t-J model is studied as a candidate model of high-Tc superconductivity. We begin to investigate these dynamical constraints on a ladder geometry. We then study the fermionic Hubbard model under periodic driving. We show that the driving induces a strong and robust singlet-pairing effect consistent with a superconducting state. This could provide a new mechanism for light-induced superconductivity in some classes of strongly cor- related materials. We show using Floquet theory that the dynamics of the driven Hubbard model are described precisely by the t-J model studied in the previous section. As the driven Hubbard model is also implementable with ultracold fermions in an optical lattice, our results could lead to their use as a quantum simulator for a broad class of candidate models for high-Tc superconductivity.
Supervisor: Jaksch, Dieter Sponsor: European Research Council ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Quantum theory