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Title: Dynamic Bayesian smooth transition autoregressive (DBSTAR) models for non-stationary nonlinear time series
Author: dos Santos, Alexandre Jose
ISNI:       0000 0004 7971 4881
Awarding Body: Open University
Current Institution: Open University
Date of Award: 2014
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In this thesis, Dynamic Bayesian Smooth Transition Autoregressive (DBSTAR) models are proposed for nonlinear time series, as an alternative to both the classical Smooth Transition Autoregressive (STAR) models and Computational Bayesian STAR (CBSTAR) models. DBSTAR models are autoregressive formulations of dynamic linear models based on polynomial approximations of transition functions of STAR models. Unlike classical STAR and CBSTAR models, their parameters vary in time, being suitable for modelling both global and local non-stationary processes. Since DBSTAR models are Bayesian, the models do not require extensive historical data for parametric estimation and allow expert intervention via prior distribution assessment of model parameters. Because they are analytical and sequential, DBSTAR models, respectively, avoid potential computational problems associated with CBSTAR models, such as convergence issues, and allow fast estimation of dynamic parameters sequentially in time, being thus suitable for real time applications. Proposed DBSTAR models have been applied to two data sets: the much used Canadian Lynx data set, in which the aim is to validate DBSTAR models by comparing their fitting performances with existing approaches in the literature, and a Brazilian electricity load data set, for which existing models are not suitable.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral