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Title: A political economy of the 2014 FIFA World Cup : global capitalism, sport mega events and the perceptions of Porto Alegre residents impacted by the FIFA 2014 World Cup works
Author: Graeff-Bastos, Billy
ISNI:       0000 0004 7970 9097
Awarding Body: Loughborough University
Current Institution: Loughborough University
Date of Award: 2019
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The objective of this thesis is to develop a political economy of sport mega events that includes the impact that such events have on the everyday lives of people directly affected by development projects linked to these events. The research questions that assist the realisation of this objective are: 1. What are the links between global capitalism and sport mega events?; 2. In what ways can the knowledge produced on sport mega events contribute to the development of a political economy of the FIFA 2014 World Cup?; and, 3. How do people who are directly affected by sport mega event development projects perceive such events? This thesis is organised into four parts. The first part presents theoretical debates and deals with issues related to global capitalism (chapter 2). This part also presents a relatively independent study in which it is argued that a renewed policy of sport mega events allocation has been developed, and where a first examination of the socioeconomic consequences of the most recent changes regarding the configuration of such a policy is displayed. Chapter 3 provides a discussion on what constitutes a sport mega event. Then, chapter 3 examines how sport mega events are studied, and debates what makes mega events so attractive to so many different social actors. Chapter 4 addresses specific issues related to opposition to sport mega events. In this chapter, the dynamics that surrounded the 2013 Confederations Cup and the 2014 World Cup in relation to the June Journeys, as the massive demonstrations that took over the streets of the country in 2013 are known, are analysed. The second part of the thesis explains the ontological and epistemological premises and the foundational aspects of the study (sub-chapter 5.1). The ontological and epistemological framework employed throughout the study is based on historical and dialectical materialism. Part II also presents the research objective and the research questions (sub-chapter 5.2). Chapter 5 then develops to discuss and explain the methodological issues of the thesis. The research methodologies and techniques used in the development of the research were literature review, document analysis, interviews and survey. The third part of the thesis is composed of one chapter, results and discussion (chapter 6). In that part of the thesis the results of the survey conducted with residents of areas affected by the 2014 World Cup in Porto Alegre are presented and discussed with the support of aspects presented in part I of the thesis and collated with elements produced from the document analysis and the interviews. The fourth part of the thesis displays the conclusions (chapter 7). To associate aspects from the different spheres of the research in the construction of a political economy of sport mega events and the 2014 World Cup, the chapter initially reaffirms the importance of the ontological and epistemological positions upon which the advancement of the thesis is based (sub-chapter 7.1). Next, the discussions made from the literature review (chapters 3 and 4) on the topic of sport mega events (sub-chapter 7.2) are addressed. Then (sub-chapter 7.3), considerations made in chapter 2 of the thesis, specifically looking at the links between global capitalism and sport mega events are engaged. Subsequently are presented the concluding analysis on the perceptions of residents of areas impacted by works of the 2014 World Cup in the city of Porto Alegre (sub-chapter 7.4). The chapter then exhibits the recommendations of the thesis (sub-chapter 7.5). Finally, the chapter displays the limitations of the research and implications for future research (sub-chapter 7.6). This sub-chapter is sub-divided in order to discuss the limitations of the research (section 7.6.1) and the implications for future research (section 7.6.2).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) ; Brazil
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified ; Sport mega events ; Sociology of sport ; Political economy ; Brazil ; 2014 FIFA World Cup ; Porto Alegre