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Title: The globetrotter : cosmopolitan travel, connecting cultures and conjuring the 'authentic' East, 1870-1920
Author: Miller, Amy Pierce
ISNI:       0000 0004 7970 6494
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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Globetrotters were a new type of nineteenth-century traveller created from the confluence of three historic developments: British imperial dominance in India, the new presence of Britons in Chinese and Japanese Treaty Ports, and the improvements of steam technology, railway networks and the engineering that produced the Suez Canal. These technological advances accelerated the compression of time and space which meant that not only were the British colonies, with their mercantile and military concerns, nearer to home, but that tourists could 'trot' around the world in a matter of months. This dissertation considers how the gaze of globetrotters developed and changed during the period between 1870, when the opening of the Suez Canal promoted greater accessibility to the 'East', and 1920, when luxury Cruise Liners changed the culture of travel. Globetrotters' collections and accounts brought something new to those at home: the global East, which notwithstanding their 'orientalist' view, distinguished among Asian cultures. Travellers chronicled a 'cultural' journey of distinct cultures and customs that both challenged and confirmed pre-existing tropes of the 'East' by conjuring their own 'authentic' version through their experiences and the objects they brought home. They also charted a journey, that of the transformation of self through mutual encounter with local populations. In this dissertation, chapters assessing globetrotters' experiences through the cultural engagement of networks, space, food and collecting will explore these developments through three overarching themes: the gaze and mutual encounter, social distinction and authenticity, and cosmopolitanism and the differentiated East of India, China and Japan.
Supervisor: Finn, M. ; Chang, L. ; Jennings, R. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available