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Title: Design and optimization for wireless-powered networks
Author: Huang, Yang
ISNI:       0000 0004 7969 8113
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) opens an emerging area of Wireless-Powered Networks (WPNs). In narrowband WPNs, beamforming is recognized as a key technique for enhancing information and energy transfer. However, in multi-antenna multi-sine WPT systems, not only the beamforming gain but also the rectifier nonlinearity can be exploited by a waveform design to boost the end-to-end power transfer efficiency. This thesis proposes and optimizes novel transmission strategies for two types of WPNs: narrowband autonomous relay networks and multi-antenna multi-sine WPT systems. The thesis starts by proposing a novel Energy Flow-Assisted (EFA) relaying strategy for a one-way multi-antenna Amplify-and-Forward (AF) autonomous relay network. In contrast to state-of-the-art autonomous relaying strategies, the EFA enables the relay to simultaneously harvest power from source information signals and a dedicated Energy Flow (EF) from the destination for forwarding. As a baseline, a Non-EFA (NEFA) strategy, where the relay splits power from the source signals, is also investigated. We optimize relay strategies for EFA and NEFA, so as to maximize the end-to-end rate and gain insights into the benefit of the EF. To transmit multiple data streams, we extend the EFA and the NEFA to a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) relay network. A novel iterative algorithm is developed to jointly optimize source precoders and relay matrices for the EFA and the NEFA, in order to maximize the end-to-end rate. Based on a channel diagonalization method, we also propose less complex EFA and NEFA algorithms. In the study of waveform designs for multi-antenna multi-sine WPT, large-scale designs with many sinewaves and transmit antennas, computationally tractable algorithms and optimal multiuser waveforms remain open challenges. To tackle these issues, we propose efficient waveform optimization algorithms to maximize the multiuser weighted-sum/minimum rectenna DC output voltage, assuming perfect Channel State Information at the Transmitter (CSIT). An optimization framework is developed to derive these waveform algorithms. Relaxing the assumption on CSIT, we propose waveform strategies for multi-antenna multi-sine WPT based on waveform selection (WS) and waveform refinement (WR), respectively. Applying the strategies, an energy transmitter can generate preferred waveforms for WPT from predesigned codebooks of waveform precoders, according to limited feedback from an energy receiver, which carries information on the harvested energy. Although the WR-based strategy is suboptimal for maximizing the average rectenna output voltage, it causes a lower overhead than the WS-based strategy. We propose novel algorithms to optimize the codebooks for the two strategies.
Supervisor: Clerckx, Bruno Sponsor: Imperial College London ; China Scholarship Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral