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Title: 'The perfect racism' : young citizens' perspectives on the promotion of 'fundamental British values'
Author: Yildiz, Umit
ISNI:       0000 0004 7969 0306
Awarding Body: Edge Hill University
Current Institution: Edge Hill University
Date of Award: 2019
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The notion of 'fundamental British values' first appeared in the Conservative and Liberal Democrat Coalition government's revised Prevent strategy in 2011. It stated that 'fundamental British values' are 'democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs'. The following year, in 2012, the Teachers' Standards included these values and required all teachers 'not to undermine fundamental British values'. In November 2014, the Coalition government produced guidelines on promoting 'fundamental British values'. In September 2015, the newly elected Conservative government transformed this guidance to a full duty, as defined in Section 26 of the new Counter Terrorism and Security Act 2015. This legislative journey has taken place in the context of broader social, political and economic developments in Britain and the wider world. This qualitative research, explored young people's understandings of 'fundamental British values' within and outside of their educational settings. The empirical data was collected through five unstructured focus groups interviews with forty-six A level students aged between seventeen and nineteen. This critical realist study investigated the conditions under which 'fundamental British values' have become part of young people's educational experiences and evidenced how 'fundamental British values' form an important element of structural racism within British society. The research attempted to capture what the participants' subjective understandings could contribute to an analysis 3 of the social structures within which the promotion of 'fundamental British values' emerged. Findings from the empirical data suggest that the promotion of 'fundamental British values' is underpinned by: • the imperialist ideology of 'the war on terror'; • the colonialist conception of the 'superiority' of the 'dominant culture'; • structural racism in the education system and wider society. This research provides new insights into the compulsory promotion of 'fundamental British values' in schools and colleges from young citizens' perspectives.
Supervisor: Duckworth, Vicky ; Farrell, Francis Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Fundamental british values ; Education ; Prevent ; Racism ; Critical realism