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Title: Biomechanical adaptations involved in ramp descent : impact of microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prothesis : kinetic and kinematic responses to using microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prosthesis in unilateral trans-tibial amputees during ramp descent
Author: Struckovs, Vasilijs
ISNI:       0000 0004 7968 0968
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2017
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Ramp descent is a demanding task for trans-tibial amputees, due to the difficulty in controlling body weight progression over the prosthetic foot. A deeper understanding of the impact of foot function on ramp descent biomechanics is required to make recommendations for rehabilitation programs and prosthetic developments for lower-limb amputees. The thesis aim was to determine the biomechanical adaptations made by active unilateral trans-tibial amputees (TT) using a microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prosthesis in active (MC-AF) compared to non-active mode (nonMC-AF) or elastically articulated ankle-foot device. A secondary aim was to determine the biomechanical adaptation made by able-bodied individuals when ankle motion was restricted using a custom made ankle-foot-orthosis and provide further insight into the importance of ankle dynamics when walking on ramps. Kinetic and kinematic data were recorded from nine TT's and twenty able-bodied individuals. Able-bodied participants, ankle restriction, led to an increase in involved limb loading response knee flexion that is accompanied by the increased knee power generation during the single-limb-support phase that correlates to TTs results. TT's use of an MC-AF reduced the 'plantar-flexion' resistance following foot contact allowing foot-flat to be attained more quickly. Followed by the increased 'dorsi-flexion' resistance which reduced the shank/pylon rotation velocity over the support foot, leading to an increase in negative work done by the prosthesis. These findings highlight the importance of having controlled ankle motion in ramp descent. Use of an MC-AF can provide TTs controlled motion for descending ramps and hence provide biomechanical benefits over using more conventional types of ankle-foot devices.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biomechanics ; Gait ; Amputee ; Ramp descent ; Ankle bracing ; Microprocessor-controlled ; Ankle-foot prosthesis