Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: "These are two covenants" : considering Paul's portrayal of Hagar in the context of Second Temple Judaism
Author: Heinsch, Ryan
ISNI:       0000 0004 7967 6723
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
To date, scholarly study of the infamous allegory of Hagar and Sarah (Gal 4:21–31) has not paid adequate attention to how Paul's use of the story — chiefly in relation to the figure of Hagar — can be located within streams of Jewish tradition. This has resulted in interpretations that embody various forms of supersessionism. In order to provide an alternative reading of Gal 4:21–31, the present study contends that consideration of Paul's allegorical portrayal of Hagar must be properly informed by the various depictions of her in the Jewish literature of the Second Temple period. The primary claim of this study, then, is that Paul's portrayal of Hagar stands in continuity with Second Temple Judaism in that he, like other Jews in antiquity, portrays Hagar, and likewise her descendants, as non-Jews. To state this claim more precisely, this study contends that, in Gal 4:21–31, Paul allegorically portrays Hagar as the covenantal mother of slave-born gentiles: gentiles who are symbolically born away from Mount Sinai, and thus, away from the divine presence and liberating knowledge of Israel's God, and consequently, born into slavery. Altogether, then, this study seeks to demonstrate that Gal 4:21–31 is not a polemic against Jews, Jewish Christ-followers, or the continuing validity of the Jewish law; rather, it is an allegory about the experience of gentiles in general and the Galatian gentiles in particular.
Supervisor: Macaskill, Grant Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Judaism