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Title: Space competition between marine resource users
Author: Kafas, Andronikos
ISNI:       0000 0004 7967 6555
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2019
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The generation of offshore renewable energy, particularly offshore wind, is a rapidly growing sector internationally. As the offshore wind sector expands, it competes for space with other users. Space competition may result into exclusion and subsequently into conflicts with traditional users, such as commercial fisheries. To help mediate conflicts, balance multiple objectives and move towards more sustainable decision-making, marine spatial planning (MSP) has emerged as the main management tool internationally. By focusing on the interactions between offshore wind and commercial fishing sectors in Scotland, this thesis developed a series of methods and tools to assist resolve conflicts in MSP and form the basis for the longterm co-existence between emerging and established sectors. The research presented here documents the interactions between the two sectors, captures industry perceptions on the nature of cross-sectoral conflicts, provides primary data on the distribution of fishing activity by smaller vessels in Scotland, presents the development of a spatial modelling tool for fisheries displacement due to offshore wind farms, and reviews the current marine licensing regime and practice of Environmental Impact Assessment for offshore wind farms in order to identify strategies to further foster synergistic coexistence between the two sectors. Overall, findings demonstrate the central role for MSP to manage conflicts and promotes synergies. Findings arrive at a critical time for managers, policy makers, and the research community, as several countries around the world are faced with similar challenges (arrival of a new user and claims of exclusivity) with their respective domestic sectors.
Supervisor: Scott, Beth Emily ; Davies, Ian M. Sponsor: Marine Collaborations Research Forum ; University of Aberdeen ; Marine Scotland Science
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Marine spatial planning ; Conflict management ; Offshore wind power plants ; Fisheries ; Marine resources