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Title: Composite action between light steel sections and concrete for beams and columns
Author: Taufiq, Hogr
ISNI:       0000 0004 7967 316X
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2019
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The composite behaviour of steel beams and columns with concrete is well understood for hot rolled steel members and hollow steel sections, but is not properly researched for cold formed steel sections. In this case, the behaviour is affected by the relatively flexible shear connection between the steel and concrete and by local buckling of the thin steel sections. Shear connection may be in the form of mechanical connectors such as bolts or screws, or embossments or perforations rolled into the thin steel. In both cases, the shear connection may be assisted by local confinement of the concrete within the steel profiles. The research in this thesis addresses the behaviour of light steel composite beams using C-sections acting in tension and in shear with different forms of shear connection, and also the behaviour of composite columns using perforated C-sections in a form of box sections. The aim is to show to what extent composite action increases the stiffness and bending resistance of the thin C profiles in bending and compression. For composite beams, tests were performed on 0.8m, 1.1m and 1.7m span beams of approximately 150 mm depth using 100x 50x 1.2 mm C-sections as tensile reinforcement. The shorter span beams failed by shear-bond and possibly by pure shear, and some of the longer span beams failed in pure bending without end slip. The shear connectors were in the form of 4.8 mm diameter screws and 6 mm diameter bolts with double nuts, and also perforated webs with 5 lines of 5 mm wide slots. It was shown that the shear-bond strength of the perforated C-sections was over 1.2 N/mm2 when expressed as a stress over the web area times the shear span. Tests were also performed on beams with side C-sections which greatly improved the shear resistance of these beams. The stiffness of the beams was analysed by elastic theory and it was shown that the elastic stiffness of the shear connection to the perforated section is 10 N/mm/mm2 area of web. This reduces to 4 N/mm/mm2 for the mechanical shear connectors, partly because of the rotation of the screws and bolts at their connection to the thin web. A study was made of the application of this method of construction using perforated base and side C-sections for a beam span of 7.2m with various end conditions and it was shown to be sufficiently stiff and strong for residential loading added to the self-weight. For composite columns, using two C-sections in the form of a box section, a range of tests was performed: • compression tests on short columns. • push tests to determine the shear-bond behaviour between the C-sections and the concrete infill. • compression tests on 1.8m long composite columns with perforated C-sections. The results are compared with predictions to BS EN 1994-1-1: Eurocode 4 for composite columns using buckling curve 'b' to BS EN 1993-1-1, and the agreement was good. Finite element models were analysed for the test columns with various end conditions, which showed that the fixed-pinned end conditions gave the closest agreement with the tests. A parametric study was performed of various column lengths to compare with the theory, and a linear-interaction between compression and bending of the composite C-sections was established. Finally, an evaluation was made of the use of perforated C-sections in composite beams and shear walls to demonstrate the practical use of this new form of composite construction.
Supervisor: Lawson, Robert Mark Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral