Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.781367
Title: Control analysis for grid tied battery energy storage system for SOC and SOH management
Author: Mantar Gundogdu, Burcu
ISNI:       0000 0004 7966 9945
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
Frequency regulation is an important part of grid ancillary services in the UK power system to mitigate the impacts of variable energy resources and uncertainty of load on system frequency. The National Grid Electricity Transmission (NGET), the primary electricity transmission network operator in the UK, is introduced various frequency response services such as firm frequency response (FFR) and the new fast enhanced frequency response (EFR), which are designed to provide real-time response to deviations in the grid frequency. Flexible and fast response capabilities of battery energy storage systems (BESSs) make them an ideal choice to provide grid frequency regulation. This thesis presents control algorithms for a BESS to deliver a charge/discharge power output in response to deviations in the grid frequency with respect to the requisite service specifications, while managing the state-of-charge (SOC) of the BESS to optimize the availability of the system. Furthermore, this thesis investigates using the BESS in order to maximize triad avoidance benefit revenues while layering UK grid frequency response services. Using historical UK electricity prices, a balancing service scheduling approach is introduced to maximize energy arbitrage revenue by layering different types of grid balancing services, including EFR and FFR, throughout the day. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm delivers both dynamic and non-dynamic FFR and also EFR to NGET required service specifications while generating arbitrage revenue as well as service availability payments in the balancing market. In this thesis, a new fast cycle counting method (CCM) considering the effect of current rate (C-rate), SOC and depth-of-discharge (DOD) on battery lifetime for grid-tied BESS is presented. The methodology provides an approximation for the number of battery charge-discharge cycles based on historical microcyling SOC data typical of BESS frequency regulation operation. The EFR and FFR algorithms are used for analysis. The obtained historical SOC data from the analysis are then considered as an input for evaluating the proposed CCM. Utilizing the Miner Rule's degradation analysis method, lifetime analysis based on battery cycling is also provided for a lithium-titanate (LTO) and lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt-oxide (NMC) battery. The work in this thesis is supported by experimental results from the 2MW/1MWh Willenhall Energy Storage System (WESS) to validate the models and assess the accuracy of the simulation results.
Supervisor: Gladwin, Daniel Thomas ; Stone, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.781367  DOI: Not available
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