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Title: Image-based fracture mechanics with digital image correlation and digital volume correlation
Author: Cinar, Ahmet
ISNI:       0000 0004 7966 9750
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2019
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Analysis that requires human judgement can add bias which may, as a result, increase uncertainty. Accurate detection of a crack and segmentation of the crack geometry is beneficial to any fracture experiment. Studies of crack behaviour, such as the effect of closure, residual stress in fatigue or elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, require data on crack opening displacement. Furthermore, the crack path can give critical information of how the crack interacts with the microstructure and stress fields. Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) have been widely accepted and routinely used to measure full-field displacements in many areas of solid mechanics, including fracture mechanics. However, current practise for the extraction of crack parameters from displacement fields usually requires manual methods and are quite onerous, particularly for large amounts of data. This thesis introduces the novel application of Phase Congruency-based Crack Detection (PC-CD) to automatically detect and characterise cracks from displacement fields. Phase congruency is a powerful mathematical tool that highlights a discontinuity more efficiently than gradient based methods. Phase congruency's invariance to the magnitude of the discontinuity and its state-of-the-art de-noising method, make it ideal for the application to crack tip displacement fields. PC-CD's accuracy is quantified and benchmarked using both theoretical and virtual displacement fields. The accuracy of PC-CD is evaluated and compared with conventional, manual computation methods such as Heaviside function fitting and gradient based methods. It is demonstrated how PC-CD can be coupled with a new method that is based on the conjoint use of displacement fields and finite element analysis to extract the strain energy release rate of cracks automatically. The PC-CD method is extended to volume displacement fields (VPC-CD) and semi-autonomously extracts crack surface, crack front and opening displacement through the thickness. As a proof of concept, PC-CD and VPC-CD are applied to a range of fracture experiments varying in material and fracture behaviour: two ductile and one quasi-brittle for surface displacement measurements; and two quasi-brittle and one ductile for volume measurements. Using the novel PC-CD and VPC-CD analyses, the crack geometry is obtained fully automatically and without any user judgement or intervention. The geometrical parameters extracted by PC-CD and VPC-CD are validated experimentally through other tools such as: optical microscope measurements, high resolution fractography and visual inspection.
Supervisor: Tomlinson, Rachel ; Mostafavi, Mahmoud ; Marrow, James Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available