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Title: Law and citizenship in the Roman Greek East : the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia (c. 146 BCE - 212 CE)
Author: Girdvainyte, Lina
ISNI:       0000 0004 7966 0799
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis is a contribution to the legal history of the Roman provinces of Macedonia and Achaia, from the end of the Macedonian wars to the general enfranchisement of the free population of the Roman Empire in 212 CE. Chapter One explores the extent of Roman authority in the jurisdictional sphere on the one hand, and the fate of local jurisdictions and judicial institutions on the other. It argues that, while Roman authorities swiftly took charge of interstate jurisdiction, local legal frameworks continued to operate on a civic or community level and retained a considerable degree of judicial autonomy over intra-civic affairs. Chapter Two argues that local civic affiliations remained key to attributing legal identity throughout the period in question and are therefore crucial for our understanding of provincial legal development. Furthermore, it explores the main legal implications of the juridical heterogeneity of local communities which remains characteristic of the entire period and argues that Roman citizenship extension did not deprive its beneficiaries of their local legal identities, neither before nor after the Antonine Constitution. Chapter Three concerns the making, the observation, and the application of laws and legal principles in mainland Greece. Based on investigation into Roman and local legislative activities on the one hand, and locally attested legal practices on the other, the chapter argues that most Greek communities, even non-privileged ones, were acknowledged by Rome as legal authorities in their own right, with regional particularities in substantive law still observed and articulated in the High Empire. Finally, the evidence for separation of jurisdictions and applicability of law is explored, exposing cases which display transmission of legal concepts beyond their expected spheres of application.
Supervisor: Kantor, Georgy Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Roman legal history