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Title: Modelling the impact of parenting on health, personality and socio-attitudinal outcomes
Author: Lazzati, Alice
ISNI:       0000 0004 7966 0422
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Previous literature in the field of social demography and psychology has extensively focused on the effect of parenting and other major life course events on a variety of attitudinal and health outcomes. In this thesis we build on the existing research by examining the role played by entering parenthood on gender role attitudes, psychological well-being and personality traits. In our final chapter, we also investigate entry into marriage, separation and divorce and unemployment as drivers of personality change. Finally, we attempt to answer some research questions previously neglected, in particular whether child's sex affects our outcomes of choice around the transition to parenthood. By excluding births of higher orders from our analysis we avoid causality issues related to endogeneity in the children's sex composition. Our empirical analysis, carried out on two samples of British and German men and women (as included in the British Household Panel Survey, Understanding Society and the German Socio-Economic Panel), finds support for four major conclusions. Firstly, we find that the life course events under analysis exercise an effect on the three outcomes, with such effect being significantly different between mothers and fathers in the case of gender role attitudes and psychological well-being. Secondly, we find evidence for an effect related to parenting a daughter relative to a son on gender role attitudes. Thirdly, our findings suggest that personality responds to life events through mechanisms of secondary socialisation, although these changes are not systematic and depend on the experience under analysis. Lastly, we find support for the existence of moderating factors, such as education, in the impact of life course events.
Supervisor: Billari, Francesco C. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available