Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.779995
Title: The neural and social correlates of automatic behaviours
Author: Brown, Beverley Jane
ISNI:       0000 0004 7965 6861
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
The research in this thesis will focus primarily on the role motor cortex excitability has on social and non-social action behaviours, and in particular behaviours relating to; echophenomena, motor action, contagious behaviours, impulsivity, and action imitation. Inhibition and facilitation, specifically in relation to contagious behaviours, imitation, and impulsivity, will be explored to a greater extent in order to further understanding on how these might be altered in neurodevelopmental conditions. Initial studies chapter 3 to 5 investigated contagious yawning, a form of imitative behaviour related to echophenomena, in typically developed controls (TDC). Echophenomena is related to early social cognition and is altered in some neurodevelopmental conditions such as Autism spectrum disorders and Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. The first study was a within subjects' design that utilised both physiological (TMS) measures of cortical activity alongside behavioural measures of contagious yawning. Subsequent studies were both within and between subjects' designs and sought to modulate motor cortex excitability during both automatic social and non-social behaviours. These same neurophysiological techniques were then used to explore the relationship between corticospinal excitability and impulsive behaviours. Measures of impulsivity were assessed using modified 'traffic light' behavioural paradigms.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.779995  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology ; QP351 Neurophysiology and neuropsychology
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