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Title: Measurement of allocentric processing in mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease using a virtual reality object location paradigm
Author: Li, Adrienne
ISNI:       0000 0004 7964 8394
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
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Aim: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) are major contributors to disability in old age and defined in the early stages by spatial memory deficits associated with hippocampal (HC) and entorhinal (EC) atrophy. Currently diagnosis occurs late in the process which limits efficacy of interventions. This study investigated the neural correlates of a novel object location task (OLT) in immersive virtual reality (iVR). Methods: Twenty amnestic MCI (aMCI) patients and twenty two healthy controls were tested on the iVR OLT, underwent neuropsychological testing and structural MRI scanning. OLT performance and HC, EC subfield volumetric data were compared between groups, and correlational analyses of HC/EC volumes and performance were conducted. Results: Participants with aMCI were significantly impaired in object location recall and object recognition compared to controls. They had significantly smaller total HC, subiculum, CA1, EC and perirhinal volumes. There was a significant interaction of group in analysis of neural correlates: OLT performance was strongly predicted by total HC and subiculum volumes in patients only. EC subfields were not significant predictors of performance. Conclusion: Performance on the novel OLT in immersive VR is a good indicator of HC integrity in older adults with amnestic MCI and can improve the diagnostic process for people with MCI and AD in the future.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available