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Title: Attachment security, trust and imagined attachment behaviours : an exploratory study within a general population sample
Author: Bourke, Emilie
ISNI:       0000 0004 7964 8140
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis examines the role of interpersonal bonds across clinical and everyday contexts. Part One presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between therapeutic alliance (TA) and outcome from diverse interventions for psychosis. Correlational meta-analyses showed that both client- and therapist-rated TA were significantly associated with change in global as well as psychotic symptomatology, but not with other outcomes such as global functioning, self-esteem, or quality of life. Part Two reports on an empirical study that explores associations between attachment security, trust behaviour during a virtual interaction, subjective trust and a new prospective imagery attachment task (the PIAT) within a general population sample. There was preliminary evidence for the PIAT's feasibility, acceptability and internal reliability. Concurrent validity was indicated by significant correlations between attachment security on the Relationship Questionnaire and three of the four PIAT items. Subjective trust and trusting behaviour in virtual reality (VR) were positively correlated with selected PIAT domains, but not with attachment security. The empirical study was a joint project completed with Hayley Dolan (HD), a fellow University College London D.Clin.Psy. Trainee. The findings from HD's thesis are presented separately. Part Three is a critical appraisal, focusing predominantly on the empirical paper. It reflects on the challenges of recruiting a clinical sample, the importance of a service user voice, the role of interpersonal contingency during virtual interactions and how far mainstream exposure to VR/gaming technology influences contemporary VR research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available