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Title: Bichromatic state-independent trapping of caesium atoms
Author: Metbulut, M. M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7964 7631
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2016
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State-insensitive trapping plays a significant role in many cold atom experiments. In this technique, trapping at a specific "magic" wavelength leads to identical shifts of the ground and excited states of a particular transition. Hence, the internal state of the trapped atoms remains essentially unaffected by the trapping light. This leads to increased coherence times and loading efficiency, and allows for the use of free-space manipulation techniques. However, the applicability of state-insensitive trapping is limited in terms of light sources available, with restrictions coming from either the required frequency or power. In this thesis, state-insensitive trapping of caesium atoms is considered. It can be achieved at the wavelength of 935.6 nm. However, the present work shows that this wavelength is impractical for experimental realizations of atom trapping in free space due to lack of laser sources with sufficiently high power. We therefore propose bichromatic trapping, as produced by two independent laser fields with different frequencies, to overcome the limitations related to monochromatic trapping. We show that bichromatic trapping extends the range of possible magic wavelengths compared to the specific magic wavelength associated with monochromatic trapping. Specifically, we present results for the magic wavelength combinations for caesium atoms with particular attention to the frequency range of currently available laser sources. Simultaneous state-independent trapping of atomic mixtures of caesium with rubidium and lithium atoms was also investigated, and appropriate magic wavelength combinations were identified. Additionally, species-selective state-independent trapping of atomic mixtures of caesium and lithium was explored and common wavelength pairs for tune-out and magic wavelengths of these atoms were determined.
Supervisor: Renzoni, F. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available