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Title: The Duchy of Burgundy and the Crusades, 1095-1220
Author: Rhodes, Hilary Marie
ISNI:       0000 0004 7964 3921
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2018
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In the two centuries between the call for the First Crusade in November 1095 and the fall of the city of Acre to the Mamluk Turks in June 1291, all of Europe underwent dramatic political, physical, social, cultural, and religious change, but possibly nowhere more so than the birthplace of the movement: the medieval kingdom of France. Over the course of the crusades, it transformed from a collection of largely independent fiefs and principalities, ruled by a fairly limited king, to arguably the pre-eminent secular power in the Western world. Its relationship to the crusades has been studied almost exhaustively, but the duchy of Capetian Burgundy (1032– 1361) has to date lacked any sustained analytical treatment in this context, such as which nearly all of its regional counterparts have received in detail. There are several reasons for this. One is a mistaken assumption that Burgundy was merely a passive satellite of the French monarchy, and strong impulses to political centralisation in France have led to a historical narrative of conformity. Secondly, Burgundy lacked the readily visible glamour of the Plantagenet territories and the political and personal conflicts of their charismatic rulers. Finally, the well-documented Valois dukes (1363–1482) and their neo-crusading exploits have contributed to the impression that it was only in the late medieval period that the duchy developed a distinct or independent crusading interest. Yet in the first 125 years of the crusades, three dukes of Burgundy and three counts of Burgundy (including Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor) joined up and in multiple cases led crusades, which were comparable to and often greater than other French principalities. But this was not merely a ducal endeavour, and it is possible to identify close to a hundred Burgundian crusaders over the same period, active in Iberia, the Holy Land, Greece, and southern France. This is remarkable given that Burgundy produced no dedicated crusading narratives and barely had a presence in the foundational First Crusade.
Supervisor: Murray, Alan ; Jarrett, Jonathan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available