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Title: Photonic time-stretch enabled high throughput microwave and MM-Wave Interferometry Applied to Fibre Grating Sensors and Non-Contact Measurement
Author: Ahmad, Eamonn
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 8911
Awarding Body: University of Kent and Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2019
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The research presented in this thesis is focused towards developing real-time, high-speed applications, employing ultrafast optical microwave generation and characterisation techniques. This thesis presents a series of experiments wherein mode-locked laser pulses are utilised. Photonics-based microwave and MM-Wave generation and detection are explored and employed for applications pertaining to fibre grating sensors and non-contact measurement. The application concepts leverage techniques from optical coherence tomography and non-destructive evaluation of turbid media. In particular, I use the principle of dispersion-induced photonic Time-Stretch to slow down high-speed waveforms to speeds usable by state-of-the-art photo-detectors and digital signal processors. The concept of photonic time-stretch is applied to map instantaneous microwave frequency to the time instant of the signal, which in turn is related to spatial location as established by the space-wavelength-time conversions. The experimental methods applied throughout this thesis is based upon Michelson interferometer architecture. My original contribution to knowledge is the realisation of Photonics-based, single tone, and chirped microwave and MM-Wave pulse generation applied to deciphering physical strain profile along the length of a chirped fibre Bragg grating employed in a Michelson interferometer configuration. This interrogation scheme allows intra-grating high-resolution, high-speed, and temperature independent strain measurement. This concept is further extended to utilise photonic generation of microwave pulses to characterise surface profile information of thin film and thin plate infrared transparent slides of variable thickness setup in a Michelson interferometer architecture. The method basis for photonically generated high-frequency microwave signals utilises the principle of photonic Time-Stretch. The research was conducted in the Photonics Lab at the University of Kent. In addition, the photonically generated microwave/ MM-Wave pulses is utilised as a potential broadband frequency-swept source for non-contact measurement of turbid media. Investigation of the proof-of-concept based on an MM-Wave coherence tomography set-up is implemented at Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Department of Electronics and Informatics (ETRO).
Supervisor: Wang, Chao ; Stiens, Johan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available