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Title: Large-scale predictions on turbulent gas-solid flows
Author: Curran, Thomas Liam Steven
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 7986
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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The interaction of solid particles with turbulence has for long been a topic of interest for predicting the behaviour of industrially relevant flows. The flow interacts with the solid particles, the particles in turn modify the turbulent flow field, and particles collide with one another. The multi-level of interactions between the two-phases challenges our physical comprehension of these dynamical systems, as well as the numerical modelling strategies. Large-scale predictions on two-phase flows encompass the numerical solving of the largest turbulent structures and the tracking of large numbers of individual particles. Large Eddy Simulation methods are widely used for their low computational cost and accuracy in resolving most of the turbulent scales. In one-way coupled simulations however, the smallest scales can be relevant when considering second order dispersions of solid particles. A subgrid scale model is presented which enforces a correlation of the subgrid scale velocity of neighbouring particles, hence ensuring particle-pair dispersion statistics. Depending on their size and inertia, particles tend to accumulate in preferential regions forming clusters. A new numerical investigation on the turbulence modulation due to these large scale clusters is presented. A novel method for computing a characteristic length scale of clusters is introduced. Two-way coupled Direct Numerical Simulations of homogeneous isotropic turbulence are performed for a large range of particle Stokes number and mass loadings. A correlation is found between one the turbulent modulation length scales and the characteristic length scale of clusters. The Lagrangian framework is appreciated for its accuracy in tracking particle trajectories. However, in case of four-way coupling approach, the deterministic detection of colliding particle pairs becomes computationally very expensive. A new correlated stochastic model for particle collisions in the Lagrangian framework is introduced. The model is first validated for a homogeneous isotropic turbulence case, and then in a vertical channel flow.
Supervisor: Marquis, Fred ; Van Wachem, Berend Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral