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Title: Duality and geometry of string theory
Author: Chaemjumrus, Nipol
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 7978
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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String theory possesses duality symmetries that relate different string backgrounds. One symmetry is known as T-duality symmetry. In general, when n dimensions are toroidally compactified, the T-duality group is O(n, n, Z). String theory has another duality symmetry known as S-duality, which does not commute with T-duality. The full S-duality group is SL(2,Z). The last duality symmetry is U-duality symmetry, which is En(Z) for type II string theory on an n-torus. Duality symmetries tell us that strings experience geometry differently from particles. In order to understand string theory, a new way to understand string geometry is required. In this thesis, first we introduce some basic ideas on duality symmetries in string theory, namely, T-duality, S-duality, and U-duality. Next, we review string field theory. We, then, provide the basic constructions of DFT and EFT. Next, we consider the finite gauge transformations of DFT and EFT. The expressions for finite gauge transformations in double field theory with duality group O(n,n) are generalized to give expressions for finite gauge transformations for extended field theories with duality groups SL(5,R), SO(5,5) and E_6. Another topic is the T-duality chain of special holonomy domain wall solutions. This example can arise in string theory in solutions in which these backgrounds appear as fibres over a line. The cases with 3-torus with H-flux over a line were obtained from identifications of suitable NS5-brane solutions, and are dual to D8-brane solutions. This T-duality chain implies that K3 should have a limit in which it degenerates to a long neck capped off by suitable smooth geometries. A similar result applies for the higher dimensional analogues of the nilfold. In each case, the space admits a multi-domain wall type metric that has special holonomy, so that taking the product of the domain wall solution with Minkowski space gives a supersymmetric solution.
Supervisor: Hull, Chris Sponsor: Queen Sirikit Scholarship of Thailand
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral