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Title: Irreversibility and symmetry principles in quantum information
Author: Cirstoiu, Cristina
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 788X
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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Symmetry principles have played a crucial role in the development of modern physics and underpin our most fundamental theories of nature. The present thesis is concerned with the analysis of symmetries in the context of quantum information theory. Whenever a quantum mechanical system interacts with its environment it is subjected to decoherence, a process that is typically irreversible and most generally treated abstractly using the concept of quantum operations. If there is an underlying symmetry principle, additional structures emerge. The central question we address is, What are the consequences of global or local gauge symmetry on the structure of many-body quantum processes?This leads us to a diagrammatic framework of decomposing quantum operations into terms that respond to the symmetry principle in particular ways and respect the causal structures involved. We present two core applications. First, we address the interplay between irreversibility and repeatable use of coherent resources under symmetry constraints. Second, we give an information-theoretic perspective on gauging globally symmetric dynamics to a local symmetry applicable even in the presence of irreversibility and thus it goes beyond the usual Lagrangian formulation. Finally, we analyse the departure from conservation laws under symmetric dynamics subject to decoherence.
Supervisor: Jennings, David ; Rudolph, Terry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral