Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Patient-specific simulation environment for surgical planning and preoperative rehearsal
Author: Camara, Mafalda
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 737X
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Surgical simulation is common practice in the fields of surgical education and training. Numerous surgical simulators are available from commercial and academic organisations for the generic modelling of surgical tasks. However, a simulation platform is still yet to be found that fulfils the key requirements expected for patient-specific surgical simulation of soft tissue, with an effective translation into clinical practice. Patient-specific modelling is possible, but to date has been time-consuming, and consequently costly, because data preparation can be technically demanding. This motivated the research developed herein, which addresses the main challenges of biomechanical modelling for patient-specific surgical simulation. A novel implementation of soft tissue deformation and estimation of the patient-specific intraoperative environment is achieved using a position-based dynamics approach. This modelling approach overcomes the limitations derived from traditional physically-based approaches, by providing a simulation for patient-specific models with visual and physical accuracy, stability and real-time interaction. As a geometrically- based method, a calibration of the simulation parameters is performed and the simulation framework is successfully validated through experimental studies. The capabilities of the simulation platform are demonstrated by the integration of different surgical planning applications that are found relevant in the context of kidney cancer surgery. The simulation of pneumoperitoneum facilitates trocar placement planning and intraoperative surgical navigation. The implementation of deformable ultrasound simulation can assist surgeons in improving their scanning technique and definition of an optimal procedural strategy. Furthermore, the simulation framework has the potential to support the development and assessment of hypotheses that cannot be tested in vivo. Specifically, the evaluation of feedback modalities, as a response to user-model interaction, demonstrates improved performance and justifies the need to integrate a feedback framework in the robot-assisted surgical setting.
Supervisor: Pratt, Philip ; Mayer, Erik ; Darzi, Ara Sponsor: Alpha Centre Research
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral