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Title: Development of a low cost precision polishing machine based on parallel kinematic system
Author: Mohamed, Zavid
ISNI:       0000 0004 7963 6334
Awarding Body: University of Huddersfield
Current Institution: University of Huddersfield
Date of Award: 2019
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The increasing demand on mass production of high precision parts, has pushed the precision manufacturing industry to develop reliable precision finishing processes such as Bonnet polishing to address market requirements. Indeed, the nature of the surface to be polished plays an important role in the design of a possible polishing machine. A gap within the research in polishing for precision industry needs has been identified. Small parts with < 50mm x 50mm and possible freeform curvature containing small slopes cannot be polished with available bonnet polishing (BP) processes on market. This is caused by the tool head size and the tool holder being bigger than part curvature or the part itself. Although, the BP process has a huge potential for surface roughness improvement and form accuracy, it is generally seen in industry as an expensive solution for a non-deterministic finishing process. Therefore, this project has sought to develop a BP machine to cover the gap with an innovative and inexpensive design. In order to develop a machine which responded to the market expectations all possible requirements were listed from a customer point of view. Based on the requirement, a machine concept was produced. Market analysis helped to identify sub-systems of the machine. FEA analysis of the design was performed to check for stress distribution and displacement due to its own mass. Additional assembly parts are designed and a prototype of the machine was produced. The designed machine is tested for its ability as precision polishing machine. Flat surfaces of P20 tool steel were targets for polishing to nanometric surface finishes. Empirical experiments helped to identify parameters which influenced the surface roughness. Taguchi method were then used to optimise the parameters for better surface roughness. Optimum parameters conditions helped to reach less than 10 nm Ra systematically and repeatedly. The samples were also polished using re-circulating slurry techniques, and the obtained results were discussed. Further, pre polishing, Grolishing processes capable of improving surface roughness from ground finish to mirror like finish were developed for cost effective manufacturing procedures. The material removal was analysed to identify parameters capable of improving surface roughness over a step grolishing process. Two grolishing procedures were developed. Both processes produced nanometric range surface finishes. Other variations in results were compared and discussed. Although, machine axis has the ability to produce freeform movement, tool holders need to be improved to facilitate the identification of the distance between tool origin and workpiece origin. Therefore, a new spindle holder assembly is produced to hold the tool and an optical measurement device DRI used to evaluate accurately the distance separating the tool-workpiece origin and further align the workpiece inclination with respect to the machine axis. A CAD-CAM package is also developed to generate programme capable of performing freeform curvature.
Supervisor: Blunt, Liam Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: T Technology (General) ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)