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Title: Requirements for successful breast feeding
Author: Houston, Mary Josephine
ISNI:       0000 0001 3582 3953
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1982
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This programme of research aimed to investigate requirements for successful breast feeding by defining the factors which contribute to success and by examining management strategies which would be of practical use to health professionals caring for the breast feeding mother. An extensive and critical review of the literature showed a rapid premature discontinuation of breast feeding, the most common reason being "insufficient milk ". Other factors affecting success varied widely from physical to behavioural. A programme of five studies arose from this review: Studies A,B and C were designed to investigate how early management of breast feeding in hospital was related to successful breast feeding. It was concluded that although hospital policies were - associated with success, the social environment and background of the mother, as measured by social class, was of more fundamental importance. A small experimental study (Study D) in which 28 women from mixed social class groups were given additional home support in the form of fortnightly visits, showed that women in the study group continued to breast feed longer than women in a closely matched control group. No women in the study group discontinued breast feeding within the first 12 weeks, and none stopped due to "insufficient milk ". Study E involved extensive interviews at 12 weeks postpartum with 105 women to investigate problems encountered and care provided. It was found that neither the number of problems nor the amount of care varied across social class groups. However, the quality of care and the way in which it was provided was crucial to success. The thesis concludes with some recommendations for the care of breast feeding women, made in the light of these research findings, existing studies, and the professional judgement of the researcher.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available