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Title: The city main structure's importance in urban life and transformation
Author: Hamidi, Maliheh
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2003
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The concept of city main structure goes back to the ideas of E. Bacon (1974) and it is extended in this thesis to develop a concept for looking at city evolution. The hypothesis is based on the belief that the role of the central part of a city, its city main structure within the larger city structure, is the source of its holistic transformation and development. The hypothesis understands that a city operates and transforms according to the city main structure, an intangible set of intrinsic phenomena that underlie urban life, overall form and identity. The research uses the insights offered by the philosophy of structuralism to derive the underlying forces of urban transformation. The study seeks to understand the significance of the city main structure in different dimensions of urban life. Understanding the interaction between underlying political, economic, sociocultural forces as deep structural elements is an important aspect of the research objectives. This research also studies how physical or functional changes follow changes in the underlying forces. The approach to the research objectives is based on two methodologies: A) Deductive: a theoretical investigation based on the properties of the structure in the urban transformation process, as introduced by structuralism. This combines information from literature reviews and the ideas of key figures in urban development. B) Inductive: a study of the two cities of Edinburgh and Isfahan as examples of historical settlements that have undergone many transformations. An open -ended questionnaire is applied to elicit people's images of the city main structures to support the theoretical propositions of surface and deep structural city elements. The conclusion to this part is based on a comparative analysis of the case studies. The author finds that the city main structure prevents the city from stagnating and acts to transform the city to ever -higher levels of qualitative complexity. It confirms that the transformation is immaterial in nature but includes visible consequences. It is the mutual interaction of deep and surface structures. The research indicates that the cities of Edinburgh and Isfahan have maintained their city main structure despite new demands and desires that impose massive changes to their surface structures. The main explanation for this is that the re -use of physical historical elements allows cities to adapt new pressures into the old fabric, thereby reinforcing their historical processes of structural transformation. The research results are expected to open up a new way to envisage urban studies. The research aims to introduce a method for planners and decision -makers that opens up new avenues for thinking about urban transformation. It offers a way to reconstruct urban design theory around the search for underlying systems of order.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available