Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.777374
Title: Power dynamics in co-management of forestry resources : the case of the Mafungautsi Forest Reserve in Gokwe (Zimbabwe)
Author: Mapedza, Everisto D.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2003
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Abstract:
Although governance innovations that involve moving powers closer to the citizens are receiving increasing policy support, their implementation is not without problems. This study uses review and case study approach to critically examine the contradictions and ambiguities of "peasant empowerment" in a co-management venture between Zimbabwean foresters and peasant communities. The institutional infrastructure for co-management was derived from and superimposed upon a complex web of local power bases, further fragmenting existing networks of interest, affection and association, and thus limiting the scope for co- management. The legislative environment, at least during the pre-2000 period, supported the expropriation and control of the land and resources of peasant communities, thus contradicting the underlying principle of co- management, which is that of co -equal partnership. Powers over natural resources have remained centralized in the national state; the little power that has been decentralised has been transferred to levels that are not close enough to the citizens. Furthermore, there is no legislation that gives a legal mandate and fiscal autonomy to units closer to the citizens than the district level. The co- management venture is "supply-led" rather than "demand driven", implemented on the terms and conditions of their allies in the state bureaucracies responsible for natural resource management. However, in spite of their marginalisation, peasant communities continue to have a wide repertoire of tools, which enable them to significantly penetrate local and broader political processes. The study identifies the need for fundamental changes in the co-management system, including the creation of downwardly accountable institutions and experimentation with new co-management relations. It argues that such changes require related reversals in the ways that researchers, policy-makers, civil society organizations and other facilitators have traditionally conducted their business. The central thesis is that the state and other external actors have sought to mould seemingly local institutions and have tried to discipline these institutions towards the achievement of top-down conservation objectives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.777374  DOI: Not available
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