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Title: Physicochemical studies in silicious dusts : surface structure and related phenomena
Author: Gibb, John G.
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1954
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(1) Various important theories on the mechanism of the toxic reaction of inhaled silicious dusts are described In the Introduction. The Solubility Theory of silicosis, in particular, has stimulated research on the surface structure and properties of silicious dusts, and some recent results are discussed in the light of this concept. (2) An analytical method for the estimation of silica in solution is described, and the validity of the method is justified by comparison with results of recent investigations on the combination of silicate and molybdate ions. Changes in surface structure brought about by removal of the surface layer from crystalline quartz and fused-silica dusts by 40% hydrofluoric acid, and from Lochaline sand dust by a borate buffer (pH 7.5), are studied by electron- optical methods. The accompanying changes in electron- diffraction pattern show that the original surface layer is amorphous (estimated mean thickness 0.03 - 0.06mu); for quartz and Lochaline sand dusts there is some evidence of an inter-:mediate layer of very minute crystallites between the amorphous layer and the crystalline core. (3) The rate of solution of a pure rock crystal dust (e.g. Madagascar quartz) in a borate buffer (pH 7.5) is reduced by prior extraction with acid, whereas similar treatment of impure silicious dusts (e.g. Lochaline sand , a sandstone or orthoclase felspar) increases their solubility rates. The enhanced rate is not due to regeneration of a disturbed amorphous layer of the type produced by crushing and grinding silica; and it can be reduced, sometimes back to its original value, by heat treatment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available