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Title: Assessment of energy expenditure during upper body exercise in paraplegics
Author: Okhovatian, Farshad
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1995
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Assessment of energy expenditure is helping the design of wheelchairs and walking aids for paraplegic locomotion. During exercise in able-bodied subjects a redistribution of blood takes place to increase cardiac output and to supply the blood for exercising muscles. But in paraplegics, the impaired sympathetic innervation and lack of muscular pump disturb the redistribution of blood and diminish venous return (Hopman et al., 1992b). In upright arm activity particularly, venous return may be much poorer in paraplegic, than in able-bodied subjects. However, up to now the same indicators as in able-bodied subjects have been used for assessment of energy expenditure in paraplegics. The aim of this project was to assess the energy expenditure during arm crank ergometry and crutch walking in paraplegic and able-bodied subjects. The experiments can be divided into 4 phases i.e.: 1) assessment of energy expenditure during seated arm crank ergometry in 10 sports-active paraplegics and 20 able-bodied subjects 2) comparison of the effect of posture on the oxygen consumption, heart rate and perceived exertion in 7 sports-active paraplegics and 20 able-bodied subjects 3) A comparison of assessment of energy expenditure between sports and non-sports persons with spinal cord injury during arm crank ergometry 4) assessment of energy expenditure during crutch walking in 5 sports- active paraplegics and 10 able-bodied subjects.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral