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Title: An investigation of the self in adolescents that deliberately self-harm (and research portfolio)
Author: Kirkpatrick, Fiona A.
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2006
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The purpose of this study was to investigate levels of self-complexity (Linville, 1987) and selfdiscrepancy (Higgins, 1987) in adolescents who deliberately self-harm (DSH). It was hypothesised that adolescents who DSH would have significantly larger self-discrepancies and lower levels of self-complexity than psychiatric and community controls. Fifteen adolescents who had self-harmed in the past month, fifteen adolescents with a psychiatric diagnosis and fifteen control participants (both control groups had never self-harmed) completed Repertory Grids to assess discrepancies among self-domains (actual, ideal, ought) and Linville's ( 1987) card sorting task to assess levels of self-complexity. Adolescents who self-harmed displayed larger discrepancies between the actual-ideal, actual-ought and ideal-ought domains of the self than community controls. Discrepancies in these self-domains did not significantly differ between psychiatric controls and adolescents who self-harmed. However, when levels of depression were entered as a covariate, between group differences became non-significant, with the exception of ideal-ought discrepancies. Levels of self-complexity did not significantly differ between groups. These results are discussed in reference to Baumeister's (1990) theory of suicide and study limitations are highlighted.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available