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Title: Enhancing the photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitised solar cells for building integrated applications
Author: Selvaraj, P.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7962 8692
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2019
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The building sector is responsible for more than one-third of global energy consumption. With increasing global population, the demand for energy efficiency buildings and on-site electricity production is rising. Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) is one of the most promising contributors to net-zero energy buildings, while also increasing the aesthetic value of the built environment. Among all the transparent solar cells, dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs) have low production cost, semi-transparency nature and a range of colours for building design. This thesis presents an overview of the current energy scenario and future prospects, state-of-the-art of photovoltaic technologies and the challenges in commercialising new generation solar cells. The first approach here is to find an efficient and low-cost alternative photoanode, sensitiser and counter electrode for DSSC. The tested materials are high surface area mesoporous TiO2, new ruthenium complex (m-HRD-1) sensitiser and Jet nebulizer spray coated CZTS. All the obtained results are compared with the commercial materials. Secondly, semi-transparent DSSCs are fabricated with different transparencies and their colour properties such as correlated colour temperature and colour rendering index are evaluated. Moreover, glazing properties and daylight glare analysis are studied to assess the possibility of adopting semi-transparent DSSCs into building architectures. Finally, a low solar concentrator is placed on the transparent-DSSCs to enhance their photovoltaic performance. The internal charge transfer mechanism of the DSSCs is also studied to understand the impact of the concentrated light. Furthermore, the performance of the concentrator coupled devices under different light intensities is studied. The results presented here provide a fertile base for further investigation, which will focus on improving the performance of all the new generation low cost solar cells using optical elements with new designs. The target is to improve the performance and stability of the transparent solar cell devices and use them as BIPV materials to overcome the challenges of the increasing energy demand.
Supervisor: Sundaram, S. ; Mallick, T. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: DSSC ; Solar cells ; Concentrator ; BIPV