Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.774017
Title: Art, craft, and the Sámi reflections on Sámi Duodji in Kautokeino through an apprenticeship experience
Author: Henyei Neto, Gyorgy
ISNI:       0000 0004 7961 248X
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
The word that Sámi people use for their art and craft is Duodji. In this thesis, I ask 'What is Duodji'? Is it the object, the process, or the material? And yet again, is this important for a discussion on art and craft? During a year of intensive relationships with things, techniques, and people, I could barely scratch the surface of the actual meaning of Duodji. Whether it is perceived as connected to a people's heritage and identity, or as a museum piece, Duodji is fundamentally connected to life: the life of an object, the life of the materials and tools, the life of the people and their ancestors. More than a technical achievement, 'to Duodji' is to learn about the constant movement of things, and how we, humans, can talk with those things. Focusing on learning the techniques of Duodji, in the Duodji institute in Kautokeino, northern Norway, and on how the history and heritage of objects affect people's engagement with their own identity, in the Sámi Museum and the Sámi University College, also in Kautokeino, I was able to perceive the intricacies of Duodji more deeply, and to reach into the connections between humans and non-human things. From reindeer to wood, all the way to snowmobiles, the Sámi forest is full of life and movement, and this thesis offers a glimpse of what this world is made of. However, the Sámi Duodji Mark, a label created to protect the legitimacy and originality of the Duodji made in the Sámi land (called Sápmi in the Sámi language), establishes a more business-driven relationship between artists and the objects made. In this thesis I explore the tensions that result, and the ways they feed into debates on Sámi identity, indigeneity, artistic originality, and authenticity. In conclusion, this thesis tries to present my own perspective on arts, handcraft, identity, and the Sámi idea of memory and traditionality, and apply it to a reflection on how Duodji (handicraft) and fine art (Dáidda in the Sámi language), are parts of a whole, and are permeated by shared ideals, logics, and objectives. Aligned with the first-hand experience with Duodji, this can provide a new understanding of how making is perceived in Sápmi.
Supervisor: Ingold, Tim ; Brown, Alison Kay Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.774017  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sami (European people) ; Handicraft
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