Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.773412
Title: War surgical experience reduces operation times and saves lives : a comprehensive analysis of all trauma sustained in the Afghanistan conflict 2009-2014 prioritises the surgical procedures to improve training and readiness for future armed conflicts, terror attacks, and civilian damage control surgery
Author: Maitland, Laura Mary Rose
ISNI:       0000 0004 7960 7971
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Background: Between 2009 and the end of UK combat operations in Helmand, Afghanistan (2014), each consecutive surgical procedure carried out by the multinational, military surgical team at the Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion was collated. Through analysis I aim to develop the template for prioritising surgical procedures to improve surgical training and readiness for future armed conflicts and terror attacks. Methods: All surgical teams operating in Camp Bastion filled out detailed, handwritten theatre logbooks for each surgical case. I transcribed all 10,891 consecutive surgical cases, and 20,266 surgical procedures, into an electronic format. I provide for the first time the distinct, original and stand-alone surgical database for this thesis: the "Maitland Module", the largest of its kind. Results: I present a new analysis and classification of surgery by anatomical region which accounts for the impact of the multiplicity of wounding caused by explosion on surgical workload. I present the first evidenced-based skill set requirement for war, including the most frequently performed humanitarian surgical procedures and their impact on the skill set required of a surgeon in armed conflict. I show that surgical experience predicted shorter operation times for blast trauma. I found that surgical experience of >50 blast trauma cases predicted lower fatality rates. Skill atrophy in surgical competence between conflicts exists, with an associated rise in preventable loss of life at the start of conflict. Discussion: I propose that the Complex Attack Surgical Team (CAST) of surgeons, with >50 blast trauma case experience, be on standby in the event of a terrorist attack in the UK to support the currently blast-naive civilian surgeons. I hope that the template for surgical procedures may lead to standardisation and prioritisation of the skill set requirement for: trauma surgical training; NATO curriculum development; and intelligent, risk-assessed, deployment of surgeons to conflict zones.
Supervisor: Harrison, David James Sponsor: University of St Andrews
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.773412  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RD750.M2
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