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Title: Learner-centred pedagogy and its implications for pupils' schooling experiences and learning outcomes : a mixed-methods case study in Tanzania
Author: Sakata, Nozomi
ISNI:       0000 0004 7660 5997
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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Despite its global appeal and spread, the applicability and effectiveness of learnerQ centred pedagogy (LCP) in developing countries remains uncertain due to its incompatibility with national sociocultural and political contexts. Tanzania's ujamaa philosophy and related historical context may offer a rare compatibility with LCP foundations. This thesis examines how and to what extent Tanzania appropriates LCP. Existing literature has primarily focused on teachers, exploring their understanding of LCP and teaching practices. Teachers and pupils co-construct classroom reality, and LCP is argued to improve pupil learning, but pupils' experiences with LCP and its contribution to learning outcomes have attracted little scholarly attention. This thesis investigates how LCP implementation might affect the schooling experiences and learning outcomes of primary-aged pupils. The transversal-vertical-horizontal case study provides a methodological and analytical framework. LCP policies, vertically negotiated between international, national and local policy levels, exclusively centre on teachers and teaching. Interviewed teachers understood the meanings and importance of the recommended LCP, but they barely employed LCP-related classroom activities. Transversal examination - situating current LCP implementation historically - shows that people in Tanzania have traditionally viewed knowledge as unquestionable. This has produced a child-adult power imbalance, which manifests itself in classrooms between teachers and pupils. Horizontal exploration with mixed methods found inconsistency with LCP tenets: despite the expectation that LCP would yield learning improvement, the observed level of LCP implementation was not associated with any better learning outcomes. Conversely, pupils' subjective perceptions of learner-centredness demonstrated positive associations with both academic performance and learning attitudes. Pupil- teacher relationships in schools and child-adult relationships at home imply influences on perceived learner-centredness. The sociocultural settings, transversally formed through history, obstruct the uptake of LCP as a pedagogical theory, vertically adopted within the global policy architecture. The multidimensionality of pedagogy bespeaks multiple viewpoints from teachers and pupils as well as the consideration of the historical and sociocultural milieu.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available