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Title: Exploring the relation between transport and social equity : empirical evidence from London and Beijing
Author: Cao, Mengqiu
ISNI:       0000 0004 7660 2550
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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In the transport context, social equity has not previously been treated as a significant issue by most researchers, partly because the relationship between transport and social equity has not been fully understood. Social equity in itself is a difficult term to define, while it is still more challenging to quantify the contribution that transport investment might make to improving social equity. Four key findings are derived from the research analysis. First, it is revealed that there are high levels of composite car dependence and housing price vulnerability in many suburban areas across Greater London, not just the areas of social deprivation previously found mainly in East London. Second, it is found that there are statistically significant differences in terms of capabilities and functionings across the socio-demographic characteristics of individuals, such as gender, age, ethnic origin, marital status, incumbent population, employment, personal income, housing tenure, and car ownership; and also across different neighbourhoods in London. Third, the results show that functionings and capabilities differ according to an individual's socio-economic characteristics and geographical location, meaning that both the opportunities to participate in life and also the actual activities themselves differ in the case of Beijing. This is an important distinction that the Capabilities Approach (CA) offers, and it is useful to consider if the potential for achieving improved social equity is to be realised. Finally, the findings show that socio-economic characteristics, travel factors, built environment features, and attitudes/perceived needs play significant roles in station area residents' choice of transport mode, meaning that the results are mainly in line with previous studies, although some propensities associated with mode choice vary between London and Beijing. Factors relating to social equity are also taken into account and reveal a significant relationship with transport mode choice.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available