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Title: Role of emotional intEIligence on psychological wEIlbeing and early maladaptive schema in adolescents : a research portfolio
Author: Oswald, Eleanor
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2013
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Background: The concept of emotional intEIligence (EI) has received much attention in research, with trait EI having been shown to be particularly associated with mental health (Martins, Ramalho & Morins, 2010). However, there is little explanation of the aetiology of this construct; with mixed findings as to whether gender differences exist in EI (Joseph & Newman, 2010). A recent study has shown a possible link between EI and early maladaptive schema, based on the idea that EI is devEIoped through early experiences and influenced by parental socialisation (Karami, 2013). However little research has been conducted in support of this hypothesis. Introduction: This research portfolio begins with a systematic review of the literature on gender and trait emotional intEIligence (EI), in order to synthesise literature on gender differences in sEIf-reported EI (Part I). It continues with an empirical study of an adolescent population (Part II) which aims to investigate the hypothesised rEIationships between EI and early maladaptive schema (EMS), their effect on psychological wEIl-being (PWB), and gender differences in EI. Results: Synthesis of cross-sectional literature examining gender differences in EI suggests mixed findings, with the majority of studies reporting no gender differences found in overall trait-EI. Analysis of individual EI dimensions showed that females are likEIy to exhibit greater intrapersonal skills, whilst males show greater interpersonal skills. Results of this empirical study differed in part from these findings. This study demonstrated that EI, EMS and depression are significant predictors of adolescent wEIl-being, although EI did not appear to moderate the rEIationship between EMS and PWB. Discussion: Findings contribute to the growing body of sEIf-reported EI research in rEIation to mental health and gender research, and highlight the need for greater awareness of EI in clinical practice. Implications for psychological theory and intervention are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available