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Title: An imperial ideology and its legacy : Ottomanism in a comparative perspective, 1894-1928
Author: Tınaz, Kerem
ISNI:       0000 0004 7652 9306
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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This dissertation focuses on the Ottomanist ideas of Tunalı Hilmi (1871- 1928), Avram Galanti (Abraham Galante) (1873-1961) and Mustafa Satı (Sati' al-Husri) (1880-1968) in the years 1894-1928. Despite their different socio-political backgrounds, the three intellectuals pursued similar intellectual agendas with similar ideological inclinations over their long careers. Following their early publications as committed Ottomanists in the Ottoman period, Tunalı Hilmi and Avram Galanti turned into Turkish nationalists, while Mustafa Satı became a pioneering Arab nationalist in the context of the political shift from the Empire to post-Ottoman successor states. This study first examines the Ottomanist pursuits of the three figures in depth. It begins with a discussion of the late Ottoman milieu that constructed their Ottomanist mindset and continues with the clarification of the pillars of their Ottomanist stances. In order to better explore the broader implications of their pursuits, the dissertation particularly examines how Hilmi, Galanti and Satı considered education and language as a means to promote their Ottomanist agendas. Finally, the dissertation reflects on their nationalist stances and discusses the continuities in their intellectual pursuits to reveal the legacy of their Ottomanism on their nationalist years. With its content and scope, the dissertation aims to participate in the growing revisionist dialogue on Ottomanism. Its inclusive approach to Ottomanism and transnational reading of its legacy in the context of three intellectuals' ideological shifts constitute one of the first comparative studies on the subject. While it reveals the varying nature of Ottomanism in the multicultural context of the late Ottoman Empire, it indicates the broad implications of the ideology on the socio-political dynamics of the late Ottoman milieu and beyond. Moreover, by clarifying the discursive elements and political tools of their Ottomanist and nationalist years, it argues that Hilmi, Galanti and Satı's intellectual pursuits in two different political orders contain important elements of continuity.
Supervisor: Mignon, Laurent Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available