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Title: Yugoslavism, rebellion, and exile : a political and intellectual biography of Tin Ujević (1909-1919)
Author: Knezovic, Jasmina
ISNI:       0000 0004 7652 3852
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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From 1909-1919, the young Croatian poet, essayist, and political revolutionary Augustin (Tin) Ujević (1891-1955) was passionately involved in Croatian politics. Today recognized as one of Croatia's foremost poets, the fact that Ujević was one of the most prominent leaders of the Yugoslav youth during the lead-up to the First World War is almost unknown. Born in Dalmatia, Ujević spent his childhood in one of Austria-Hungary's most neglected provinces, which was going through a profound economic and demographic crisis at the time. Dalmatian politicians, however, would set the pace for the process of Yugoslav national integration in the years to come. At Zagreb University, the young poet turned into a skilled political agitator, writing passionate polemics against the Habsburg Monarchy while taking part in demonstrations that led to multiple arrests by the police. Ujević, who had started out as a fervent Croatian nationalist, soon became one of the leaders of the Yugoslav Nationalistic Youth Movement, which aimed at establishing a South Slav state based on Serbo-Croat cultural and political unity. In the spring of 1912, he moved to Belgrade, where he intensified his political activity and established contact with the infamous 'Black Hand'. After another short stay in Dalmatia, Ujević finally left the Balkans in the fall of 1913 to go to Paris, where he worked alongside the Serbian government and the newly established Yugoslav Committee. 1915 saw a turning point as the federalist Yugoslav state he worked for seemed to be slipping away in the hands of opportunistic politicians, which resulted in his ultimate break with politics. This dissertation examines Ujević's life, alongside his works, to better understand a complex and important time in Croatian and Southeastern European history. It will use Ujević to explore the political thought of the region during the tumultuous time of the end of Austria-Hungary and the formation of the first Yugoslavia. Through his political evolution, the thesis will examine the way in which ideologies and nationalisms competed with each other through argument and action. The thesis will also shed light on the radicalisation process that the youth in Croatia, Dalmatia, Bosnia and Serbia underwent. Through his essays, Ujević contributed significantly to an ideological framework that encouraged revolutionary action which culminated in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Supervisor: Pettifer, James Sponsor: Scatcherd European Scholarship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Croatia ; Yugoslavia ; Tin Ujevic´ ; History