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Title: Byblos in the Late Bronze Age : interactions between the Levantine and Egyptian worlds
Author: Kilani, Marwan
ISNI:       0000 0004 7652 0790
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis investigates the position and role of the Lebanese city of Byblos in the local and international context of the Late Bronze Age Levant, when the city was a "contact zone" between the Near East and Egypt. In spite of its central role in the regional geopolitical landscape, Byblos has attracted relatively little attention among scholars. This is particularly true for the Late Bronze Age, which however appears as a crucial period, as it saw Byblos passing from being a prosperous and powerful city during the Early and Middle Bronze Ages to become a small and peripheral town in the Iron Age. This thesis addresses this gap in research, aiming to re-contextualise the role, interactions, and development of the city in the regional Late Bronze Age geopolitical landscape. The method adopted, combining archaeological and written evidence, compensates for the scattered nature of the sources and makes it possible to look at the city from di erent perspectives. Various aspects of Byblos' society are thus reconstructed, and the general development of the city is sketched within a descriptive theoretical framework. There emerges a picture of a dynamic kingdom that went through periods of power and prosperity and of hardship and decline in uenced by micro- and macro-regional economic, strategic, and ideological factors. In particular, it can be shown that the di culties for Byblos started well before the end of the Late Bronze Age and the troubled period that followed. This observation not only highlights the complexity of the processes a ecting Byblos, but it also suggests that focusing the attention at a small scale, looking at the speci cities of the development and interactions of small realities such as those of cities or local kingdoms, is a fruitful approach that can yield new insights to understand the dynamics of the region as a whole.
Supervisor: Baines, John ; Dahl, Jacob ; Frood, Elizabeth Sponsor: Barns Scholarship ; Swiss National Science Foundation
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available